WHAT IS TURBOCHARGER AND WORKING OF TURBOCHARGER

A Turbocharger is a device that is used to increase the power of the engine or one can say efficiency of engine by increasing the amount of air entering into the combustion chamber. More air into the combustion chamber means more amount of fuel will be admited into the cylinder and as a result one will get more power from the same engine if the turbocharger are installed in it.

TURBOCHARGER AND ITS WORKING

Many people confuses between the TURBOCHARGER and SUPERCHARGER. The function of the supercharger is same as that of turbocharger but the supercharger is driven mechanically by the engine,often with the help of belt connected to the crankshaft, whereas turbocharger is powered by a turbine driven by the engine’s exhaust gases. Turbocharger is considered more efficient than the superchargers as they are using the wasted energy of exhaust gases for its power source.

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OPERATING PRINCIPLE OF TURBOCHARGER

The amount of engine that actually goes into the engine’s cylinder ,compared with the theoretical amount if the engine could maintain the atmospheric pressure ,is called volumetric efficiency and the aim of turbocharger is to improve an engine’s volumetric efficiency by increasing density of the intake gas.

The turbocharger’s draws the air from atmosphere and compresses it with the help of centrifugal compressor before it enters into the intake manifold at increased pressure. This results in more amount of air entering into the cylinders on each intake stroke. The centrifugal compressor gets power from the kinetic energy of engine’s exhaust gases.

The turbocharger has three main components

  1. The turbine, which is almost a radial inflow turbine.
  2. The compressor which is almost a centrifugal compressor.
  3. The centre hub rotating assembly.

WORKING OF THE TURBOCHARGER

A turbocharger mainly consists of two main sections: the turbine and the compressor. The turbine consists of turbine wheel and the turbine housing whose purpose is to guide the exhaust gases into the turbine wheel. The kinetic energy of the exhaust gases gets converted into the mechanical after striking it on turbine blades. The exhaust outlet helps the exhaust gases to get exit from the turbine. The compressor wheel in turbocharger is attached to a turbine with the help of steel shaft and as the turbine turns the compressor wheel, it draws the high-velocity, low pressure air stream and convert it into high-pressure, low –velocity air stream. This compressed air is pushed into the engine with the more quantity of fuel and hence produce more power.  turbo-plumbing

One thought on “WHAT IS TURBOCHARGER AND WORKING OF TURBOCHARGER

  1. Shaikh

    Very very very very thank to demonstrate me about turbocharger I have very confused about turbo charger how it is work what is function that I really see your on turbocharger and totally aware of that be thankful to you

    Reply

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